How To Shingle a Steep Roof

Performing any sort of work on your roof is a tricky proposition. You’ll have to make sure you have the proper tools, as well as a thorough understanding of what you’re doing. The steeper your roof is, the trickier the task becomes. This is especially true if you’ll need to be crawling around the entire roof, attempting to repair or replace the shingles. In most cases, you’ll want to contact a professional to perform a job like this, but it’s possible to do it yourself, provided you’re willing to put in the time, effort, and money to do so safely.

If you need to shingle a steep roof—or re-shingle—there are a few steps you must familiarize yourself with.

Best Tools for the Job

Most of the tools you’ll need will be the same as for any roofing job. You will need, first and foremost, safety equipment. The right ladders are key. Look for a ladder that is specifically designed for roofing. It should be able to connect securely to the house itself so that it doesn’t wobble or fall while you’re climbing onto or off of the roof. It should also have a ladder hoist equipped. You’ll definitely need both hands free when climbing, and a ladder hoist will help you do this by providing a place to put your tools and supplies.

You will need a shovel or crowbar for prying old shingles off, as well as a hammer or roofing hatchet for replacing them. A hook blade and a staple gun are also used in the process of putting shingles on a roof.

You’ll need all the other requisite safety gear as well, including heavy-duty boots, sturdy gloves, and eye protection. A full-body harness as well as ropes and carabiners are critical for safety.

The high pitch of the roof means you’ll need to install roofing brackets as temporary steps for you to climb over. These are 90-degree metal brackets that you can place 2x6s across for use in climbing the roof.

Working on a steep roof will likely also require temporary scaffolding. In this way, you can walk around the roof without having to worry about standing directly on top of it. You can rent scaffolding from most tool rental companies.

If you have any hesitancy about maintaining safety while you shingle your steep roof, it’s best to contact a roofing contractor.

Materials for Shingling

Once you have the tools, you can begin to shop for the materials. Shingles aren’t simply nailed directly to the roof. They have a layer underneath them called an underlayment. This underlayment can be purchased in large rolls.

A sealant for the shingles is an important material for a roofing job. You can usually get it in a caulking tube that’s specially designed for that purpose. You’ll need flashing for the roof as well, which comes in various types, depending on the need. Flashing is the material used to deflect water away from more vulnerable areas of the roof, such as around vents or around the chimney. Along with the underlayment, this prevents water from getting underneath the shingles, where it can do serious damage to the roof.

Getting Started

The first step when shingling your roof is the setup. Find the most level ground possible in order to make sure the ladder is stable. When setting up your roofing ladder, it’s necessary to do so at the proper angle. If the angle of the ladder is too steep, it will be nearly impossible to climb. Too narrow, however, and it will not be safe. The best angle to use is approximately a 4:1. That is, approximately one foot back for every foot of height. You can then use sturdy straps to anchor the ladder to the roof. This is a critical step, to prevent the ladder from falling.

The next thing to do is to set up the scaffolding. Scaffolding also requires level ground to sit upon. If it will sit upon dirt, grass, or any other soft ground, you should set down some plywood first, to prevent the scaffold from sinking due to its weight.

How to Shingle a Steep Roof

Shingling a steep roof definitely comes with a learning curve. It will be a slow process at first, but soon enough, you’ll be able to attach shingles quickly and effectively.

Start by using your crowbar to remove the old shingles if there are any. You can then lay down the underlayment by rolling it out. Use your staple gun to fix it in place. Each row of underlayment should overlap around three to four inches or the manufacturer’s recommended overlap.

Installing the flashing is next. Once again, it should be placed around chimneys, vents, edges, and other vulnerable areas of the roof. Next, you can attach the shingles one by one, making sure that they’re properly layered over one another. Nail them down with the proper technique, ensuring that the head of the nail is flush with the shingle itself.

If You Opt Not to DIY

Of course, the job of learning how to shingle a steep roof is a massive undertaking, and one that can be dangerous and expensive, depending upon how much equipment you need to rent. If you would prefer not to do it yourself, you can contact a professional like Interstate Roofing. We can perform the job for you, safely and effectively, and be able to maintain your roof after the fact so that it lasts for many years.

 

What Are the Steps of Roof Replacement in Portland?

If it’s properly maintained, a well-built roof can last for many years, often decades. Over time, though, the damage caused by a ceaseless barrage of wind, rain, and sunlight will eventually take its toll. Sooner or later, even the most solidly constructed, well-cared-for roof will need to be replaced.

Because roof replacement is an event that usually only happens every few decades, most homeowners won’t have to do it more than once or twice (unless something catastrophic occurs). This means that most people who are not professional roofers won’t have much experience with the process. How exactly does it work?

Answering this question depends on a number of factors. What type of home do you have? What is your roof made from? And, of course, what is your geographic location? An area like Portland, where there’s a lot of rain, will have different requirements than an area that’s primarily sunny. Read on to discover what you can expect when you need to replace a roof in Portland:

Step One: An Inspection

Replacing your roof is a costly process, not to mention an invasive one. So it goes without saying that you should only have it done when it’s absolutely necessary. Of course, there will come a time when it is definitely needed, either because the roof has reached the end of its useful life or because it has undertaken catastrophic damage. Knowing when the roof needs to be replaced should come at the recommendation of a skilled roofer, such as one from Interstate Roofing. A good roofer will be able to tell you if you truly need to replace the roof or if the problem can be dealt with through a smaller maintenance job.

Step Two: Clear the Surrounding Area

As you might suspect, there aren’t too many bigger home renovation jobs than roof replacement. Portland homes, in particular, can be a challenge because of all the rain the area receives. Before you even start the process, you need to make a lot of room around the outside of the house. Park vehicles in the garage or away from the home, but not in the driveway. Move picnic tables and other objects elsewhere. Most importantly, make sure there won’t be any people or animals nearby while the roof replacement is taking place.

Step Three: Remove the Old Roof

Once you’ve made room for them to work, your roofer will begin clearing away the existing roof, making room for a new one. This, in and of itself, is a huge job. They will need to remove all the shingles that made up your old roof. Nails will be pulled out, and the entire structure will be disassembled.

Step Four: Roof Deck Inspection

Once the shingles and underlayment have been removed, your roofer will need to do another inspection of the roof deck. It’s possible, especially on old or damaged roofs, that the wood that makes up the roof deck of your home is rotted or otherwise weakened. If this is an issue, it will need to be replaced in the interest of safety. This isn’t necessarily an inevitable part of the process, however. The wooden infrastructure of a home, including the roof deck, can last an incredibly long time, provided it has been properly protected from the weather.

Step Five: Begin Building the Roof Back Up

If everything looks good and safe, it will be time to begin rebuilding the roof. When opting for a roof replacement, Portland homeowners don’t always want the exact same roof they had before. Sometimes, they choose to make an upgrade: better quality materials mean a longer-lasting roof, which also boosts curb appeal and adds to your home’s value. Your roofer from Interstate Roofing can make recommendations if you want a roof upgrade, rather than a simple replacement.

Step Six: Add a New Underlayment

Especially in Portland, or other rainy parts of the country, it’s critically important that your roof be water-resistant. This is where your underlayment comes in: made from a water-resistant material, it sits underneath the shingles and protects your home from the elements. There are several things roof underlayment might be made from; rubberized asphalt is particularly common. Your roofer will carefully lay down the material you’ve chosen and nail or staple it into place.

Step Seven: Replacing the Shingles

The next step will be to replace the shingles that make up your roof. This is an important one because shingles need to be properly affixed or they’ll simply be carried away the first time a heavy wind sweeps through your neighborhood. They also affect your home’s curb appeal and, therefore, value. Talk to your roofer about the best shingles to use in your area. Among the most common materials are asphalt, wood, metal, and slate.

Step Eight: Reattaching the Vents and Other Details

A roof can last for years, but your new roof won’t last long if it can’t effectively carry away water and snow away from your home. Your roofer will have to make sure that all the flashing, vents, gutters, and other details are in place to help protect your home from the elements.

Step Nine: Regular Inspections for the Lifetime of the Roof

In order to wring the maximum life out of your new roof, you’ll need to ensure that it’s cared for regularly. This is a big part of why a company like Interstate Roofing is a great choice for roof replacement. Portland roofers with years of experience, like Interstate, offer warranties on newly constructed roofs so that you can rest easy, knowing that wear and tear and damage can be handled easily.